BASIS

1. What is SAP Basis?

2. What is SAP IDES?

3. Define Data Sets in SAP?

4. What is ODS?

5. Name the different types of info cubes ?

6. What are Business KPIs?

7. What is a Multi Cube?

8. What is the profile?

9. What are the different types of work processes in R/3?

10. What is the difference between a client copy and client refresh?

11. What is the importance of table T000?

12. What is the difference between a support package and a kernel replacement?

13. What is a background processing batch scheduler?

14. How do you check whether a system is UNICODE system or not?

15. What are the common transport errors?

16. How to transport users from one client to another client?

17. What is “OK” code and Tcode?

18. What are the differences between asynchronous and synchronous transport?

19. Define Queued RFC (QRFC)?

20. List the types of Transport requests ?

21. What is Transactional RFC (TRFC)?

22. New code for SAP BASIS

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. What is SAP Basis?

It is a component of SAP System, act as a technological platform that support the entire     range of SAP applications. It acts as an operating system on which SAP applications run.

2. What is SAP IDES?

SAP IDES stands for SAP Internet Demonstration and Evaluation System. This system is used to demonstrate the functionality of various SAP solutions used by important customers. This system uses data of the IDES model company.

3. Define Data Sets in SAP?

SAP Data sets are the sets of information which are required to solve some queries which cannot be solved by using the method interfaces.

4. What is ODS?

ODS is Operational Data Store. It is a component of business warehouse. It is mainly used for reporting of details.

5. Name the different types of info cubes ?

        Physical data stores:

a. Basic InfoCubes

b. Transactional InfoCubes

Virtual data stores:

a. Remote Cube

b. SAP Remote Cube

c. Virtual Info Cube with Services

6. What are Business KPIs?

Business KPIs are Key Performance Indicators. They indicate the performance of a company at strategic level. They also help in leading the company on the desired track by comparing company’s performance with the previous performances and with that of market leaders in the same sectors. SAP is building a project called “Business KPI wiki” to standardize the process of indication.

7. What is a Multi Cube?

Multi Cube is a Info cube which is a collection of several Basic Cubes. Using Multi Cubes one can test the data from Basic Cubes in a single context. Multi Cubes itself doesn’t contain any data but works only on data from Basic Cubes.

8. What is the profile?

Profile is what a user can do within that role that is assigned to the user. When a role is created; a profile is created based on the authorization data i.e. object class, authorization object, filed and values.

The word “profile” is used in 2 different concepts.

1) Authorization Profiles

2) System Profiles

  • Authorization Profile: This profile is the one created   when a role is created and is called as authorization profile.
  • System Profile: This profile exists to change the parameters for the instances.

9. What are the different types of work processes in R/3?

  • Dialog (D)
  • Update (U)
  • Enqueue (E)
  • Background(B)
  • Spool(S).

10. What is the difference between a client copy and client refresh?

a. Copying or over writing to existing client called as client refresh.

b.  Copying to newly created client called client copy.

11. What is the importance of table T000?

Table T000 contains a list of defined clients, which you can maintain with transaction SCC4.

12. What is the difference between a support package and a kernel replacement?

A support package contains fixes to the ABAP code within a SAP instance. It must be applied using the SPAM transaction in the SAP instance. A kernel replacement is the replacement of the SAP executables on the OS level.

13. What is a background processing batch scheduler?

It is a process which runs as defined by the parameter rdisp/btctime to check the scheduled background jobs and to execute them. The parameter defines the delay between two runs which means that a job start can delay at the most for that much time.

14. How do you check whether a system is UNICODE system or not?

Go to ->SM51 tcode and click “Release Notes” button or click System->Status->check UNICODE values is YES or NO under SYSTEM DATA in SAP Easy Access page or execute command “disp+work-version” at command prompt

15. What are the common transport errors?

  • Return code 4 –> Imported with warnings

a. Generation of program, columns or row missing.

  • Return code 8 –> Imported with errors

a. Syntax error

b. Program generation error

c. Dictionary activation error or method execution error

  • Return code 12 –> Indicates Import Cancelled

a. Program cancelled due to job

b. Import cancelled due to object missing

c. Import cancelled due to object not active

  • Return code 18 –> Indicates Import Cancelled

a. Due to system down while import

b. Due to user expired during import

c. Due to insufficient roles or authorization

16. How to transport users from one client to another client?

To transport users within a system(same SID) go to tcode–>SCC1 –>give source and target client –>select profile SAP_USER –> schedule in background job execution.

Note: if you want to transport from different system(SID) means we can use SCC9 or SCC8 tcode by selecting SAP_USER profile in other terms called client copy or client refresh.

17. What is “OK” code and Tcode?

OK code is used within a program to execute a function.

Tcode is “Shortcut” which helps to run a program.

18. What are the differences between asynchronous and synchronous transport?

1. Synchronous Transport – Dialog or batch process are  blocked until import is ended

2. Asynchronous Transport –Dialog or batch process is released after import started.

19. Define Queued RFC (QRFC)?

Queued RFC (QRFC) : This RFC communication is an extension to the transactional RFC. In this method, all the requests are queued up(inbound queue and outbound queue) and are processed in a sequence only if it is certain that all preceding calls are processed correctly. This method guarantees that all the requests are processed in the sequence in which they are received. This type of RFCs will be used in SCM (APO) systems for CIF queues etc where requests have to be processed in an order.

20. List the types of Transport requests ?

There are 4 types of transport requests in SAP –

  • Customizing Request
  • Workbench Request
  • Transport of Copies
  • Relocation

21. What is Transactional RFC (TRFC)?

Transactional RFC (TRFC): This type of RFC communication is similar to Synchronous RFC but by allocating a transaction id(TID) it guarantees that if a request is sent several times because of network problems it is processed only once. Unlike asynchronous RFC, in Transactional RFC the remote system does not have to be available at the moment the RFC client program start the call. The data is held in the source system until the target system is available. The report program RSARFCSE is called in the background at regular intervals and tries to place the unsuccessful requests, identified by their transaction id again.

22. New code of SAP Basis:

https://training.sap.com/shop/certification/c_tadm51_731-sap-certified-technology-associate—system-administration-oracle-db-with-sap-netweaver-731-g/

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